Discrimination of Girl Child in India: A Stark Reality

Gender discrimination has been a predominant picture in the history ofIndia’s social development. Women and young girls have been subjected to various forms of abuses throughout the ages. In India, violence against young girls, female foeticide, pre-natal gender detection are common cases that have increased in the past decades and still continues to grow. Although the constitution ofIndiahas granted women equal rights still gender disparity prevails. Our age old social structure that has given emphasis to patriarchy has proved to be a big nemesis for the female children inIndia. Men, and boys have always been given the preference in every aspect right from the Vedic ages and that has instilled a feeling in people that girl child can never bring good fortune to a family. Thus, not surprisingly th girl child is always discriminated.

Some Facts To Note

Crimes against young female children inIndiahave been seen to have developed in various gruesome forms. Official reports suggest that there has been a huge increase in the incidences of crime against young females inIndia.

The Census 2011 shows that there has been a considerable decline in the female population inIndiaunder the age of seven. Social activists claim that 8 million female fetuses have been aborted in the past decades which portray a very grim picture as to where the human race is heading to. There has been a huge decline in the sex ratio according to the 2011 Census which reports that there exist 914 females against 1000 males.India’s strong preference for a male child has been reflected in the 2009 Census survey that shows infant mortality figures for males and females are 61 and 65 respectively out of 1000 live births. Also, education is not widely prevalent among Indian girls. They are neglected and left ignorant locked in by the dark walls of traditions. It has been seen that the literacy rates of females stands at 65.46% in comparison to 82.14% for males.

The Social Mindset Needs to Change

The mindset of the people is another big factor that plays in here. Many are of the opinion that an educational investment on a girl child will be a waste of resources as they will eventually get married off so there would not be any direct benefit to them from education. This brings us to the incidences of child marriage which are still in vogue in remote villages. According to UNICEF’s reports of the year 2009 47 & of the females aged 20-24 were married off before the legal age of 18.

A large percent of young girls inIndiawork as child laborers but their work is never recognized and they are underpaid. Also, they are often subjected physical and verbal abuse by their employers. Such cases go unreported with the law and the so called accused roam free inIndiafearlessly. Cases of female infanticides are a reason behindIndia’s huge masculine sex ratio. The usages of medical tests to detect female fetuses have turned to be nightmarish as several female children were aborted and didn’t get to see the daylight. Also, there have been many cases of trafficking of young girls. These girls are either forced into prostitution, domestic violence or child labor. Since girl children are always neglected, very little attention is paid to their health and nutrition. Thus, many suffer from diseases and malnutrition. According to the UNDP development report 88% of the pregnant women were found to be suffering from anaemia.

…And Finally

 

The above scenario presents a very sorry picture regarding the future of the females inIndia. Though several rights have been established and are being implemented, our country still has to go a long way in finally recognizing the relevance of girls in this age.  The social organization and NGO are doing their bit to empower women but it is not sufficient enough to bring about a revolution. This can only happen when government puts in their individual efforts to improvise the status of women and young girls inIndia.

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